The Difference between Counselling and Psychotherapy
The terms “counselling” and “psychotherapy” are often used interchangeably, but there is a slight distinction. Counselling generally refers to short-term consultation, while psychotherapy typically refers to longer-term treatment.
Counselling typically deals with present issues that are easily resolved on the conscious level, whereas psychotherapy is more focussed on helping a person understand his/her life in a profound and reflective manner. Counselling normally helps a client to process powerful emotions such as grief or anger, deal with immediate causes of stress and anxiety, clarify values and identify options when making important personal or professional decisions, manage conflicts within relationships, develop better interpersonal and communication skills, or intentionally change unproductive thoughts and behaviours.
Psychotherapy, on the other hand, is an evolutionary process that helps a person look at long-standing attitudes, thoughts and behaviours that have resulted in the current quality of one’s life and relationships. It goes much deeper to uncover root causes of problems, resulting in more dramatic changes in perspective regarding oneself, one’s life experience, and the world in general.
Ultimately, psychotherapy aims to empower the individual by freeing him/her from the grip of unconscious triggers or impulses through increased self-awareness.